Unit 3 – Glossary

Here you have a possible glossary of this unit, so you can practice at home for the test. Remember to follow the instructions: How to define in History.

  • River Valley Civilisations.
  • Mesopotamia.
  • Writing.
  • Egypt.
  • River Nile.
  • Upper Egypt.
  • Lower Egypt.
  • King Menes (Narmer).
  • Old Kingdom.
  • Middle Kingdom.
  • Second Intermediate Kingdom.
  • Hyksos.
  • New Kingdom.
  • Late Period.
  • Alexander the Great.
  • Pharaoh.
  • Scribes.
  • Book of Death.
  • Mummification.

The history of writing – Early scripts

Copy the title in your notebook, and answer the questions in your notebook.

  1. What sort of daily activities does writing help us to perform?
  2. Where were the earliest examples of clay writing found and when?
  3. What sort of things were written down in these civilisations?
  4. What is the name of an ancient form of writing and where did it originate?
  5. What was the name of the paper they wrote on and what tool(s) did they write with?
  6. Which ancient script is still in use today? Give a characteristic of it.
  7. Which is the  oldest type of writing still in use?
  8. What does understanding writen messages from the past enable us to do?
  9. In what ways do we benefit from being able to record different ideas, emotions and messages?



Here you have a sample of cuneiform, Egyptian hierogliphic, Chinese pictograms and characters and Indus Valley script.


The Code of Hammurabi

Here you have two activities for studying the role of writing in Mesopotamia and the Early Civilisation.

Both have questions, so copy the titles clearly, copy the questions and answer them for their correction in the classroom.


  1. Imagine a world without law… what do you think it would happen?
  2. Why do you think the video says “law is one of society’s most basic institutions”?
  3. Why did Hammurabi “tried to instituionalise law”?
  4. Were the laws only Babylonian?
  5. Why do you think that the code was and is important?
  6. What are the topics treated in the code?
  7. Why do they mention Napoleon in the video?
  8. Why do you think that young people were prosecuting, defending and sitting in the jury of the Texan town?


Click on the image for downloading the worksheet.

5. Hammurabi.JPG

Map of Ancient Egypt

Click on the image to download a blank map of Egypt for completing it with the elements given in the classroom (see the textbook for references):

  • Colour the seas in blue and name them.
  • Mark the river Nile darker.
  • Colour the green area around the Nile.
  • Colour the deserts (very light yellow or so).
  • Lower Egypt.
  • Upper Egypt.
  • Memphis.
  • Thebes (Tebas/Luxor).
  • Nubia.