Unit 3 – Table of contents

  1. THE FIRST WRITTEN CIVILIZATIONS: THE RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS
  2. ANCIENT EGYPT
    1. Geographical environment.
    2. Historical context.
  3. THE PHARAOHS AND THE SOCIAL ORGANISATION
    1. The Pharaoh: a messenger from the gods.
    2. The Egyptian people.
    3. Egyptian economy.
  4. EGYPTIAN RELIGION
    1. Egyptian gods.
    2. Afterlife in Egypt.
  5. EGYPTIAN ART
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Video and images – The history of writing – Early scripts

Copy the title in your notebook, and answer the questions in your notebook.

  1. What sort of daily activities does writing help us to perform?
  2. Where were the earliest examples of clay writing found and when?
  3. What sort of things were written down in these civilisations?
  4. What is the name of an ancient form of writing and where did it originate?
  5. What was the name of the paper they wrote on and what tool(s) did they write with?
  6. Which ancient script is still in use today? Give a characteristic of it.
  7. Which is the  oldest type of writing still in use?
  8. What does understanding writen messages from the past enable us to do?
  9. In what ways do we benefit from being able to record different ideas, emotions and messages?

 

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Here you have a sample of cuneiform, Egyptian hierogliphic, Chinese pictograms and characters and Indus Valley script.

 

Video and text – The Code of Hammurabi

Here you have two activities for studying the role of writing in Mesopotamia and the Early Civilisation.

Both have questions, so copy the titles clearly, copy the questions and answer them for their correction in the classroom.

 

  1. Imagine a world without law… what do you think it would happen?
  2. Why do you think the video says “law is one of society’s most basic institutions”?
  3. Why did Hammurabi “tried to instituionalise law”?
  4. Were the laws only Babylonian?
  5. Why do you think that the code was and is important?
  6. What are the topics treated in the code?
  7. Why do they mention Napoleon in the video?
  8. Why do you think that young people were prosecuting, defending and sitting in the jury of the Texan town?

TEXT – THE CODE OF HAMMURABI

Click on the image for downloading the worksheet.

5-hammurabi.jpg

Unit 3 – Timeline of Ancient Egypt

You have to ellaborate a timeline about Ancient Egypt, so follow the instructions given in this graph and let’s go:

You have to reflect the following dates in the timeline:

Periods:

  • 3200-3100 BCE – Grey
  • 3100-2600 BCE– Early dynastic Period
  • 2600-2200 BCE – Old Kingdom.
  • 2200-2000 BCE – First Intermediate Period.
  • 2000-1800 BCE – Middle Kingdom.
  • 1800-1600 BCE – Second Intermediate Period.
  • 1600-1100 BCE – New Kingdom.
  • 1100-30 BCE – Late Period.
  • 30-1 BCE – Grey

Also, mark years: 770, 670, 525 and 332 BCE

There are 3200 years to be reflected in the timeline, so 32 centuries. Divide your page in 32 centimetres, and each of those centimetres will be one century. Since your page may be shorter than that you can try sticking another page or doing a diagonal line.

Then, start measuring. For example, the first period is 1 cm. from the left, then 5 cms. from the previous date, etc.

Do the second type of timeline of the graph, which means not doing just a line but two parallel lines in which you can colour the inside. I would recommend you to colour the intermediate periods in grey, and then different colours for each kingdom.

Do not forget that 770, 670, 525 and 332 BCE are not periods, but specific events. See the timeline in your textbook for reference and inspiration. And if you have a doubt, ask me.